Ekos-Squared Returns: New Focus: Indigenous Peoples, Guardians of Nature and Humanity
In the coming weeks, Eko-squared will provide a series of posts on indigenous people and why their survival is of vital importance to the entire world.
A struggle to survive: Indigenous peoples the world over are the earth’s most effective protectors of nature; From tundra to rainforest these communities depend on healthy ecosystems for their sustenance. They are also in a life and death struggle to survive the onslaught of development including mining, oil and gas extraction, monoculture agriculture, logging, and hydroelectric projects. Rather than protect indigenous peoples, many governments either openly or covertly support the developers. As a result cities large numbers of displaced tribespeople wind up living in the squalid slums in cities like Manaus in the Amazonas Province of Brazil. Many who resist have been killed. Contact with outsiders often infects indigenous peoples with diseases with deadly consequences.
A Range of indigenous communities: Recently there have been news reports on newly discovered tribes in remote regions of the Amazon Rainforest. Brazil’s Amazon is home to more uncontacted tribes than anywhere in the world. There are thought to be at least 77 isolated groups in this rainforest, according to the government’s Indian affairs department. FUNAI. See full article on Survival’s Website.
At the other end of the spectrum are indigenous peoples who have been dispossessed of their ancestral lands and forced to live in urban “favelas” or “barrios” often in poverty. In some cities (e.g. Brazil in the leadup to the World Soccer Cup (2014) have had to fight to for their homes once again.
The good news: Numerous indigenous groups are becoming technologically, politically and legally astute, while preserving their language and traditions. A good example is the Sarayaku Kichwa people of Ecuador, who have had major successes in fending off oil companies in international courts. See Amazon Watch article on the Sarayaku. These tribes have formed inter-tribal and international organizations such as Coordinator of Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon River Basin (COICA). Perhaps the most powerful and advanced indigenous peoples in Brazil are the Kayapo. Kayapo drew upon their warrior tradition to stave off loggers and miners. See terrific article in National Geographic
Primitive? Although many people in the “civilized world” view indigenous societies as primitive, a closer look tells a very different story. Indigenous peoples tend to foster cooperation within the community and a harmonious relationship with nature. Rather than being “consumed by consumption” indigenous communities hunt, gather, grow and build what they need. They don’t work for a boss, but for their families and communities. They keep their traditions including music, dance, stories, and art. What herbs are good for a sour stomach or headache? Ask the shaman.
Awa children play with baby Peccaries.